De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "Prague" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus In 1784, under Joseph II, the four municipalities of Malá Strana, Nové Město, Staré Město, and Hradčany were merged into a single entity. Prague drops five places this year, but remains solidly in the top 40 in the QS Best Student Cities ranking. 71, 85 (, This swallow-tailed banner is approximately 4 by 6 feet (1.2 by 1.8 metres), with a red field sprinkled with small white fleurs-de-lis, and a silver old Town Coat-of-Arms in the centre. The University underwent a significant reform in 1989 after the Velvet Revolution. m. Praze v 1. čtvrtletí 2019", "Cizinci 3. zemí se zaevidovaným povoleným pobytem na území České republiky a cizinci zemí EU + Islandu, Norska, Švýcarska a Lichtenštejnska se zaevidovaným pobytem na území České republiky k 31. Until 1949, all administrative districts of Prague were formed by the whole one or more cadastral unit, municipality or town. Prague is full of historical monuments in all major artistic styles. One of these banners was captured by Swedish troops in Battle of Prague (1648), when they captured the western bank of the Vltava river and were repulsed from the eastern bank, they placed it in the Royal Military Museum in Stockholm; although this flag still exists, it is in very poor condition. Prague 1 plans to place blue plaques alongside iconic red street signs throughout the district, encompassing most of the medieval heart of the city, including Staré Město and the Jewish Quarter and, on the other side of the Vltava, most of Malá Strana and Hradčany, by Prague … Pas dan de verwijzing naar deze doorverwijspagina aan, zodat toekomstige bezoekers direct op de juiste pagina terechtkomen. It was the stretch between stations Kačerov and Florenc on the current line C. The first part of Line A was opened in 1978 (Dejvická – Náměstí Míru), the first part of line B in 1985 (Anděl – Florenc). The revolutions in Europe in 1848 also touched Prague, but they were fiercely suppressed. The social order, however, became more turbulent due to the rising power of the craftsmen's guilds (themselves often torn by internal fights), and the increasing number of poor. Take our free printable tourist map of Prague on your trip and find your way to the top sights and attractions. Prague is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.. Prague (Czech: Praha) is the capital city and largest city in the Czech Republic.It is one of the largest cities of Central Europe and has served as the capital of the historic region of Bohemia for centuries. (capital city of Czech Republic) (capital da República Tcheca) Praga sf. English Prague has failed to ratify and it has enormous problems with ratification. Prague's city centre is compact. How to pronounce Prague. A number of other settlements are derived or similar to the name of Prague. Other airports in Prague include the city's original airport in the north-eastern district of Kbely, which is serviced by the Czech Air Force, also internationally. more_vert. I learned quickly that the English teaching world in Prague was very different than what I’d previously been exposed to in Sydney and Vietnam. Other major cultural institutions are the Rudolfinum which is home to the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and the Municipal House which is home to the Prague Symphony Orchestra. In the service sector, financial and commercial services, trade, restaurants, hospitality and public administration are the most significant. We are the most trusted job board, offering the best English jobs in Prague hiring now! There are a few aeroclubs around Prague, such as the Točná airfield. , From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Montage of Prague, clockwise from top: Panorama of, Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (, WorldFlicks in Prague: Photos and interesting places on Google Maps, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prague&oldid=6878976, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Legend says that Libuše came out on a rocky cliff high above the Vltava and prophesied: "I see a great city whose glory will touch the stars." The modern economy of Prague is largely service and export-based and, in a 2010 survey, the city was named the best city in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) for business. Prague is the capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic. In 2008 the Allegro restaurant received the first Michelin star in the whole of the post-Communist part of Central Europe. Prague has one of the highest rates of public transport usage in the world,[107] with 1.2 billion passenger journeys per year. Since then, the boundaries of many urban districts, administrative districts and city districts are independent of the boundaries of cadastral territories and some cadastral territories are thus divided into administrative and self-governing parts of the city. It hosts music festivals including the Prague Spring International Music Festival, the Prague Autumn International Music Festival, the Prague International Organ Festival, the Dvořák Prague International Music Festival,[79] and the Prague International Jazz Festival. The first section of the Prague metro was put into operation in 1974. Prague employs almost a fifth of the entire Czech workforce, and its wages are significantly above average (≈+25%). Prague has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb)[64][65] with humid continental (Dfb) influences, defined as such by the 0 °C (32 °F) isotherm. Starting with the Prague Castle up to the world-famous Wenceslas Square. Learn the translation for ‘Prague’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. It was rebuilt and named the Charles Bridge.[31]. Since 2018, scooter sharing is offered by American transportation company Lime which operates more than 1000 electric scooters in Prague as of 2019.[120]. Rudolf was an art lover too, and Prague became the capital of European culture. Executive body of Prague, elected by the Assembly is a Prague City Council. Snow cover can be common between mid-November and late March although snow accumulations of more than 20 cm (8 in) are infrequent. It retained its star until 2011. The words, Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2005, Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate, Prague Spring International Music Festival, Prague Autumn International Music Festival, Presidency of the Council of the European Union, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Church of Saint Michael the Archangel in Prague, Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and St. Charles the Great, Prague, The University of Finance and Administration, College of International and Public Relations Prague, Category:Science and technology in the Czech Republic, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 2004 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships, List of twin towns and sister cities in the Czech Republic, Znak Hlavního Města Prahy / Les Armoires de la Ville de Prague, Václav Chaloupecký: Hledání československých dějin, "Population on 1 January by five-year age group, sex and metropolitan regions", "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020", https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/20551765/170223-14.pdf, "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab", "Short History of Bohemia, Moravia and then Czechoslovakia and Czech Republic", "Best Destinations in the World – Travelers' Choice Awards – TripAdvisor", "Quality of Living City Ranking | Mercer", https://www.picsaindex.com/the-picsa-index/, "Top 100 City Destinations Revealed: Prague among Most Visited in the World", "Chapter One: Libussa, or Versions of Origin", "Unearthing Bohemia's Celtic heritage ahead of Samhain, the 'New Year, "Slované na Hradě žili už sto let před Bořivojem –", "Archaeological Research – Prague Castle", "5 of the Best Gothic Buildings in Prague | Architectural Digest", "Prague – an architectural gem in the heart of Europe | Radio Prague", The Cambridge Economic History of Europe: Trade and industry in the Middle Ages, "History of Charles Bridge | Radio Prague", "The Archbishops of Prague in Urban Struggles of the Confessional Age 1561–1612", "Old Royal Palace with Vladislav Hall – Prague Castle", "The Kingdom of Bohemia during the Thirty Years' War", "The bombing of Prague from a new perspective", "Post-Communist Reflections of the Prague Spring", "Global Cities as Centers of Cultural Influence: A Focus on Istanbul, Turkey", "Prague Assembly Confirms 2016 Olympic Bid", "What's in a name? In March, a deliberate raid targeted military factories in Prague, killing about 370 people.[50]. The capital of the Czech Republic. During the Second World War, most Jews were deported and killed by the Germans. [32] This was the district of the German people, who had the right to administer the law autonomously, pursuant to Magdeburg rights. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. This swallow-tailed banner is approximately 4 by 6 feet (1.2 by 1.8 metres), with a red field sprinkled with small white fleurs-de-lis, and a silver old Town Coat-of-Arms in the centre. I have lived off and on in Prague for the past 10 years. "atriz", "menina", etc. In operation there are two kinds of units: "81-71M" which is modernized variant of the Soviet Metrovagonmash 81-71 (completely modernized between 1995 and 2003) and new "Metro M1" trains (since 2000), manufactured by consortium consisting of Siemens, ČKD Praha and ADtranz. Since this city militia flag was in use before 1477 and during the Hussite Wars, it is the oldest still preserved municipal flag of Bohemia. The third one is Velonet, operating less than 50 bikes in Prague 4. Use your language skills to find the right position and build your career. There are several microbrewery festivals throughout the year as well. Basic transfer ticket can be bought for a 30/90-minute ride, short-term tourist passes are available for periods of 24 hours or 3 days, longer-term tickets can be bought on the smart ticketing system Lítačka card, for periods of one month, three months or one year.[109]. Roční nájem stojí 67 tisíc za metr čtvereční", "EUobserver / Prague Outranks Paris and Stockholm Among EU's Richest Regions", "Které firmy vládnou krajům? [110] The Prague Metro system served 589.2 million passengers in 2012,[111] making it the fifth busiest metro system in Europe and the most-patronised in the world on a per capita basis. Ex. It is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe. On Wednesday, More. Save Time. Here you will find information about Prague’s sights and other places of interest, a calendar of events, practical info, dining tips, and plenty of interesting articles. Free printable Prague tourist map. It has 11 members including the mayor and it prepares proposals for the Assembly meetings and ensures that adopted resolutions are fulfilled. Having become too dangerous for the political and religious establishment, Hus was summoned to the Council of Constance, put on trial for heresy, and burned at the stake in Constanz in 1415. Save Money. In 1402, he began giving sermons in the Bethlehem Chapel. Inspired by John Wycliffe, these sermons focused on what were seen as radical reforms of a corrupt Church. Expats.cz offers the option of finding jobs in Prague for foreigners. Some of the significant cultural institutions include the National Theatre (Národní Divadlo) and the Estates Theatre (Stavovské or Tylovo or Nosticovo divadlo), where the premières of Mozart's Don Giovanni and La clemenza di Tito were held. [23] The first masonry under Prague Castle dates from the year 885 at the latest. Prague suffered considerably less damage during World War II than some other major cities in the region, allowing most of its historic architecture to stay true to form. Týdeník Ekonom zmapoval podnikání v regionech", https://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/world2018t.html, https://www.radio.cz/en/section/in-focus/prague-city-gallery-brings-back-life-and-history-to-an-old-town-palace, http://en.ghmp.cz/colloredo-mansfeld-palace/, "Forbes Magazine: Prague Zoo the 7th Best in the World", "Prague Zoo is the fourth best zoo in the world", "Europe's Largest Organ Transplant Center is in Prague", "Čím cestujeme po Praze? The city offers approximately 73,000 beds in accommodation facilities, most of which were built after 1990, including almost 51,000 beds in hotels and boarding houses. In 1713–14, a major outbreak of plague hit Prague one last time, killing 12,000 to 13,000 people.[44]. Prague had a German-speaking majority in 1848, but by 1880 the number of German speakers had decreased to 14% (42,000), and by 1910 to 6.7% (37,000), due to a massive increase of the city's overall population caused by the influx of Czechs from the rest of Bohemia and Moravia and also due to return of social status importance of the Czech language. Prague is home to a number of well-known cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe. Join a group and attend online or in person events. [51] On 31 October 1967 students demonstrated at Strahov. [47] From 1939, when the country was occupied by Nazi Germany, Hitler took over the Prague Castle. en.wiktionary.org. more_vert. Prague was a city in the territory of military and political control of the Soviet Union (see Iron Curtain). In the 19th and early 20th centuries it was pronounced in English to rhyme with "vague": it was so pronounced by Lady Diana Cooper (born 1892) on Desert Island Discs in 1969[57], and it is written to rhyme with "vague" in a verse of The Beleaguered City by Longfellow (1839) and also in the limerick There was an Old Lady of Prague by Edward Lear (1846). Many noteworthy Gothic buildings[39][40] were erected and Vladislav Hall of the Prague Castle was added. Nights can be quite cool even in summer, though. The airport is the hub of carriers Smartwings and Czech Airlines operating throughout Europe. Nearly the entire Jewish population of Prague (3,000 people) was murdered.[36][37]. ", Landscape for Breeding and Training of Ceremonial Carriage Horses at, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 21:17. The 4th Czechoslovak Writers' Congress held in the city in June 1967 took a strong position against the regime. Restaurant. Rihanna's "Don't Stop the Music" video was filmed at Prague's Radost FX Club. In smaller towns, English-speaking is still fairly rare, especially among older generations. The Jewish district, called Josefov, was included only in 1850. [71] However, in 2011, 64.8 per cent of the city's population self-identified themselves as Czechs, which is higher than the national average. PRAGUE Top Stories. In the following three centuries, the Czech tribes built several fortified settlements in the area, most notably in the Šárka valley, Butovice and Levý Hradec. This guide explicates, what is so special about the capital of the Czech Republic and how to start off teaching English in Prague. During Easter 1389, members of the Prague clergy announced that Jews had desecrated the host (Eucharistic wafer) and the clergy encouraged mobs to pillage, ransack and burn the Jewish quarter. Prague Castle and the city centre are a textbook display of around 900 years of architectural evolution – bluff Romanesque, sublime Gothic, elegant Renaissance and dazzling baroque, plus 19th-century revivals of all of these styles – all amazingly unaltered by the modern world and folded into a compact network of lanes and passages. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. At this time Prague was a true European capital with highly developed industry. The original Soviet vehicles "Ečs" were excluded in 1997, but one vehicle is placed in public transport museum in depot Střešovice. [citation needed]. I have lived off and on in Prague for the past 10 years. Gross expenditure on research and development accounted for €901.3 million (41.5% of country's total).[105]. [30], At the site of the ford in the Vltava river, King Vladislaus I had the first bridge built in 1170, the Judith Bridge (Juditin most), named in honour of his wife Judith of Thuringia. This was a prosperous period for the city: famous people living there in that age include the astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler, the painter Arcimboldo, the alchemists Edward Kelley and John Dee, the poet Elizabeth Jane Weston, and others. Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. With the growth of low-cost airlines in Europe, Prague has become a weekend city destination allowing tourists to visit its museums and cultural sites as well as try its Czech beers and cuisine. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Czech beer has a long history, with brewing taking place in Břevnov Monastery in 993. Legend has Golem lying in the loft, National Monument on Vítkov Hill, the statue of Jan Žižka is the third largest bronze equestrian statue in the world, Prague Zoo, selected in 2015 as the fourth best zoo in the world by TripAdvisor, Nine public universities and thirty six private universities are located in the city, including:[103]. In 1257, under King Ottokar II, Malá Strana ("Lesser Quarter") was founded in Prague on the site of an older village in what would become the Hradčany (Prague Castle) area. The other Warsaw Pact member countries, except Romania and Albania, reacted with the invasion of Czechoslovakia and the capital on 21 August 1968 by tanks, suppressing any attempt at reform. Since 1949, there has been a fundamental change in the administrative division. [34] In 1347, he founded Charles University, which remains the oldest university in Central Europe. The Prague tram system now operates various types of trams, including the Tatra T3, newer Tatra KT8D5, T6A5, Škoda 14 T (designed by Porsche), newer modern Škoda 15 T and nostalgic tram lines 23 and 41. [19], Around the fifth and fourth century BC, a Celtic tribe appeared in the area, later establishing settlements including an oppidum in Závist, a present-day suburb of Prague, and naming the region of Bohemia, which means "home of the Boii people". Around 400 vehicles are the modernized T3 class, which are typically operated coupled together in pairs. Another six have been awarded Michelin's Bib Gourmand: Bistrøt 104, Divinis, Eska, Maso a Kobliha, Na Kopci and Sansho. [52] In 2000, IMF and World Bank summit took place in Prague and anti-globalization riots took place here. Video games set in Prague include Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness, Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb, Vampire: The Masquerade – Redemption, Soldier of Fortune II: Double Helix, Broken Sword: The Sleeping Dragon, Still Life, Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 and Deus Ex: Mankind Divided. In a high-stakes, divorce-like custody case between Russia and America, a Czech judge has made a decision. As King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor, he transformed Prague into an imperial capital and it was at that time by the area the third-largest city in Europe (after Rome and Constantinople). Decided to take a break from the Prague night life and see a movie. [16] Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and as of 2017, the city receives more than 8.5 million international visitors annually. Peasant rebels, led by the general Jan Žižka, along with Hussite troops from Prague, defeated Emperor Sigismund, in the Battle of Vítkov Hill in 1420. ", "Prague, Czech Republic to host the WFDF World Ultimate Club Championships 2010", "Prague House: Mission and representational activities", "| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA)", Institutional seats of the European Union, Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prague&oldid=995032611, World Heritage Sites in the Czech Republic, NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union, Populated places established in the 9th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Explore all the important monuments of Prague, its history, and secret stories in a fun and unique way via e-scooter! Many Indian films have also been filmed in the city including Yuvraaj, Drona and Rockstar. Prague's main international railway station is Hlavní nádraží,[117] rail services are also available from other main stations: Masarykovo nádraží, Holešovice and Smíchov, in addition to suburban stations.