She carefully proclaims in front of all that she has not been defiled by Holofernes because the Lord protected her; her face tricked Holofernes and brought his downfall (Judith 13:16). Judith knows her power over men. Despite her seclusion, she heard about the events that had transpired in the town square and sent her maid to invite Uzziah and the elders to her home posthaste. Within the next three centuries Judith would be treated by such major figures as Heinrich Frauenlob, Dante, and Geoffrey Chaucer. He is the twelfth name of the Genesis genealogy that traces Abraham ' s ancestry from Adam to Terah (cf. The Book of Judith is one of the apocryphal books of the Bible: it is omitted from the canonical Protestant versions, although is remains a part of the Catholic text. The two conceptual poles represented by these works will inform much of Judith's subsequent history. [3], The extant Hebrew language versions, whether identical to the Greek, or in the shorter Hebrew version, date to the Middle Ages. 923.<-- ISSN/ISBN, publisher needed -->. Semantic Scholar profile for undefined, with 2 scientific research papers. The Book of Common Prayer, 1979, Holy Days, pg. (3) Aramaic (a Term Which Strictly Embraces Syriac). Croatian poet and humanist Marko Marulić also wrote an epic on Judith's story in 1501, the Judita. La … He is the first one to recognize Holofernes' head brought by Judith in the city, and also the first one to praise God. Judith est un prénom féminin qui a pour variantes Jodie et Jody [1].. Sens et origine du nom. The name Judith (Hebrew: .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}יְהוּדִית‎, Modern: Yehudit, Tiberian: Yəhûḏîṯ, "Praised" or "Jewess") is the feminine form of Judah. [5][12], Although early Christians, such as Clement of Rome, Tertullian, and Clement of Alexandria, read and used the Book of Judith,[citation needed] some of the oldest Christian canons, including the Bryennios List (1st/2nd century), that of Melito of Sardis (2nd century) and Origen (3rd century), do not include it. Click here to read the second half of Robin Gallaher Branch’s study of Judith, in which she analyzes Judith’s extraordinary courage, Judith and her maid, her heritage and theology and her roles as prophetess and countrywoman. Dans tous les cas, les Hébre… It reminds me of how Caravaggio did the Judith Slaying Holofernes story. Judith strategizes. The French composer Jean Guillou wrote his Judith-Symphonie for Mezzo and Orchestra in 1970, premiered in Paris in 1972 and published by Schott-Music. Conclusion about Judith (16.1–25)[27], Most contemporary exegetes, such as Biblical scholar Gianfranco Ravasi, generally tend to ascribe Judith to one of several contemporaneous literary genres, reading it as an extended parable in the form of a historical fiction, or a propaganda literary work from the days of the Seleucid oppression. This time skipping the prayer-and-bath routine, they head straight up the mountain to Bethulia’s gates. In Judith and Tobit, the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) is in every respect identical with its translation made by Jerome. Rien de nouveau. Shamir examines the question why the story of Judith was excluded from the Jewish (Hebrew) Bible and thus banned from Jewish history. Relating to or associated with people living in the territory of the northern kingdom of Israel during the divided monarchy, or more broadly describing the biblical descendants of Jacob. Plan du livre de Judith: I- Mise en place de l’histoire • Nabuchodonosor écrase son ennemi mède et charge son général Holopherne de mener une expédition punitive vers l’ouest (1-2,20) Holofernes, the villain of the book. Plan du livre de Judith: I- Mise en place de l’histoire • Nabuchodonosor écrase son ennemi mède et charge son général Holopherne de mener une expédition punitive vers l’ouest (1-2,20) I discovered that there are several lessons one can draw (exegesis) by reviewing it. Part I, although at times tedious in its description of the military developments, develops important themes by alternating battles with reflections and rousing action with rest. HAPPY HANUKKAH! Nebuchadnezzar, claimed here to be the king of Nineveh and Assyria. Figurant parmi les sept livres bibliques deutérocanoniques qui ne faisaient pas partie du canon hébraïque des Écritures, le livre dit de Judith n'est entré dans le canon des chrétiens qu'à l'époque patristique, à la fin du ier siècle. In 1840, Friedrich Hebbel's play Judith was performed in Berlin. Tobit chapter 1 KJV (King James Version) 1 The book of the words of Tobit, son of Tobiel, the son of Ananiel, the son of Aduel, the son of Gabael, of the seed of Asael, of the tribe of Nephthali;. This was interpreted by the English Protestant authorities at the time as incitement to slay Queen Elizabeth I. Manifestement, le meurtre du général assyrien par la séduisante veuve de Béthulie est porteur dune symbolique si puissante quelle a conduit à occulter peu à peu le récit [3]. 4. Judith & Holopherne (Table of Contents: 1) comic story / 62 pages (report information) Script Peter Riverstone Pencils Peter Riverstone Inks Peter Riverstone Colors Peter Riverstone Letters? - MERRY CHRISTMAS! Book of Judith, apocryphal work excluded from the Hebrew and Protestant biblical canons but included in the Septuagint (Greek version of the Hebrew Bible) and accepted in the Roman canon. Are we not told in tge bible we should not take away or add to this bible book? [22], The canonicity of Judith is rejected by Protestants, who accept as the Old Testament only those books that are found in the Jewish canon. For her adventure, she removes her sackcloth and widow’s dress, bathes and richly perfumes herself, fixes her hair, selects a festival dress, and dons a tiara as her battle garb’s finishing touch (Judith 10:3). Throughout the book, it seems Judith merely smiles and men collapse (Judith 10:7, 14, 19, 23). Also, the reasons for the name changes are difficult to understand, unless the text was transmitted without character names before they were added by the Greek translator, who lived centuries later. Read more about women in the Bible, including Lilith, Jezebel, Judith, and Lydia and Tabitha. 2 Who in the time of Enemessar king of the Assyrians was led captive out of Thisbe, which is at the right hand of that city, which is called properly Nephthali in Galilee above Aser. 5. [5][6], Reasons for its exclusion include the lateness of its composition, possible Greek origin, open support of the Hasmonean dynasty (to which the early rabbinate was opposed), and perhaps the brash and seductive character of Judith herself. The Book of Judith’s truly remarkable heroine, Judith, introduced as a devout, shapely, beautiful and wealthy widow (Judith 8:4, 7), exhibits characteristics showing her the equal of Israel’s finest warriors. An Old English poetic version is found together with Beowulf (their epics appear both in the Nowell Codex). 1: Arphaxad, roi des Mèdes, après avoir soumis à son empire beaucoup de nations, bâtit de pierres de taille équarries une ville très forte, qu'il appela Ecbatane. This interpretation aligns with both the biblical and historical accounts of the Assyrian siege of Jerusalem. Uzziah proclaims Judith is blessed “by the Most High God above all other women on earth” (Judith 13:18). Toggle navigation. "Judith" redirects here. (a) That from which Jerome's Jewish help made the Hebrew that formed the basis of Jerome's Latin version. Plus, it would be great to debunk ideas of women not being as important as men to God. [23] Among Anglicanism, Anglo-Catholics consider it to be either an apocryphal or deuterocanonical book. The Book of Judith is a deuterocanonical book, included in the Septuagint and the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christian Old Testament of the Bible, but excluded from the Hebrew canon and assigned by Protestants to their apocrypha. [39], Under this theory, the story, although fictional, would be set in the time of Queen Salome Alexandra, the only Jewish regnant queen, who reigned over Judea from 76 to 67 BC. The Story of Creation. Plus ou moins importantes. Cush was the ancient (Hebrew) name of this region which included within its borders most of modern Sudan and some of present-day Ethiopia (Abyssinia). The Catholic tract A Treatise of Schisme, written in 1578 at Douai by the English Roman Catholic scholar Gregory Martin, included a paragraph in which Martin expressed confidence that "the Catholic Hope would triumph, and pious Judith would slay Holofernes". Son original hébreu est perdu ; il ne reste que … Elle est honorée le 5 mai. She dresses carefully, knowing the success of her ruse and assassination plan depend upon her ability to entice. Contenant des incohérences historiques et géographiques, ce texte est généralement c… The “virgin daughter of Zion” is Jerusalem, the capital of Judah. Cependant, le récit biblique est en général bien peu connu. [5] The renewed interest took the form of "tales of the heroine, liturgical poems, commentaries on the Talmud, and passages in Jewish legal codes. Judith est l'héroïne de l'histoire est racontée dans le livre de l'Ancien Testament qui porte son nom. En hébreu, son prénom signifierait « louée ». When developing material for a monograph how to conduct a bible study, I included a summary on Judith from the five books that are traditionally not included on the bible. The Book of Ruth is one of the Bible's shortest books, telling its story in just four chapters. Moreover, Ashurbanipal is never referenced by name in the Bible, except perhaps for the corrupt form "Asenappar" in 2 Chronicles and Ezra 4:10 or the anonymous title "The King of Assyria" in the 2 Kings, which means his name might have never been recorded by Jewish historians. According to the Book of Genesis he was one of the five sons of Shem (the son of Noah). The Assyrians, having lost their leader, disperse, and Israel is saved. Samson was no general, like Gideon or Jephthah, to call out his people and lead them in war. Is it not just important to focus on the bible? Judith est le nom de deux personnages bibliques apparaissant dans l'Ancien Testament. Originaire de Thuringe, elle quitta son pays natal suite au décès de son époux et rejoignit son frère à Kulmsee où elle se consacra aux ?uvres de charité. Les catholiques et les orthodoxes les incluent dans l’Ancien Testament, mais les églises protestantes les considèrent comme apocryphes à l’authenticité douteuse. Now Arphaxad king of the Medes had brought many nations under his dominions, and he built a very strong city, which he called Ecbatana, 2. Alessandro Scarlatti wrote an oratorio in 1693, La Giuditta, as did the Portuguese composer Francisco António de Almeida in 1726; Juditha triumphans was written in 1716 by Antonio Vivaldi; Mozart composed in 1771 La Betulia Liberata (KV 118), to a libretto by Pietro Metastasio. [4][5], The Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible does not contain it, nor was it found among the Dead Sea Scrolls or referred to in any early Rabbinic literature. This Bible History Daily feature was originally published on July 30, 2012. Your email address will not be published. Thenceforth her presence in medieval European literature is robust: in homilies, biblical paraphrases, histories and poetry. Reine du clair-obscur caravagesque, la talentueuse peintre italienne Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 – 1652) a réussi à s’imposer à une époque où être femme et artiste relevait du parcours du combattant. The Italian Renaissance poet Lucrezia Tornabuoni chose Judith as one of the five subjects of her poetry on biblical figures. L’histoire de Judith et d’Holopherne fait partie des livres dits Deuterocanoniques de la Bible. [40], Like Judith, the Queen had to face the menace of a foreign king who had a tendency to destroy the temples of other religions. Sainte Judith fut une ermite allemande du XIIIe siècle connue pour être devenue la sainte patronne de la Prusse. She rolls his corpse to the floor, yanks down a jeweled canopy from above his bed, walks out of the tent, and hands his head to her waiting maid who puts it in the food sack (Judith 13:9–10). This verse, an echo of Deborah’s vindication of Jael’s similar, hands-on murder of Sisera (Judges 4:21, 5:24–26), is pivotal in Roman Catholic theology, for it also is spoken of Mary (Luke 1:42, 48). She prays thrice—once before her adventure starts (Judith 9), then for strength to behead Holofernes (Judith 13:4-7) and finally in a public song at the national celebrations honoring her deed and the slaughter of the Assyrians (Judith 16:1–17). Both women were widows whose strategical and diplomatic skills helped in the defeat of the invader. The territory of Judean occupation includes the territory of Samaria, something which was possible in Maccabean times only after John Hyrcanus reconquered those territories. "The opening of the poem is lost (scholars estimate that 100 lines were lost) but the remainder of the poem, as can be seen, the poet reshaped the biblical source and set the poem's narrative to an Anglo-Saxon audience. JUST BY USING WHAT SHE HAD MORALLY, SHE FREED A WHOLE NATION OF ISRAEL AND EVEN THE ASSYRIANS FROM THAT EVIL HOLOFERNES. English writer Arnold Bennett in 1919 tried his hand at dramaturgy with Judith, a faithful reproduction in three acts; it premiered in spring 1919 at Devonshire Park Theatre, Eastbourne. It is not clear whether the Book of Judith was originally written in Hebrew or in Greek. A full hour in length, it was one of the earliest feature films made in the United States. Meine Judith wird durch ihre That paralysirt; sie erstarrt vor der Möglichkeit, einen Sohn des Holofernes zu gebären; es wird ihr klar, daß sie über die Gränzen hinaus gegangen ist, daß sie mindestens das Rechte aus unrechten Gründen gethan hat" (Tagebücher 2:1872), Development of the Christian biblical canon, http://torahofyeshuah.blogspot.com/2015/07/book-of-meqabyan-i-iii.html, http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/92559, "Judith Cutting Off the Head of Holofernes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Book_of_Judith&oldid=995051246, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:38. Si peu de personnes ont lu le livre de Judith, limage de lhéroïne coupant ou brandissant la tête ensanglantée du général ennemi Holopherne est présente dans bien des esprits tant elle a été représentée à travers les siècles [2].